Cikananga Animal Rescue Center (PPSC) in collaboration with a group of Biology students of Padjadjaran University in Bandung (HIMBIO-UNPAD) in efforts to conserve the endemic wildlife of Java it is Javan slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus) in the area of habitat of Jatinangor eastern of Bandung.
Starting from the visit of HIMBIO UNPAD in weekend study of Introduction to Wildlife Rehabilitation in Cikananga on November 2009, HIMBIO doing a good continuation of the results of its visit to Cikananga. It is a form of giving information about the existence of illegal trade of slow loris in Jatinangor area, east of Bandung. One member of HIMBIO UNPAD successfully accommodate two lorises from a citizen of Jatinangor to surrender the animal as voluntarily.
Without doubt the HIMBIO member immediately made a contact with the Cikananga to ask about the status of this Java endemic wildlife protection. Obviously the protection status of wildlife including lorises are protected by law (Malik and Menon, 1995) and included in the CITES list which has raised the status of CITES II to CITES I on 13 Sepetember 2007 (CITES, 2007) based on results of research conducted by Nekaris and Nijman (2007). Listening to the information, the member of HIMBIO immediately re-checking to ensure the condition of animals in order to make a sure about in good condition.
Finally on Saturday May 22, 2010 Cikananga Rescue Team went to Jatinangor to evacuate two lorises that had been housed in HIMBIO. The slow loris has been given a name, ie Nycti and Cebus. In the evacuation, the team conducted a general check of the condition of animals and unfortunately it has been found to be an unfavorable condition. Completeness of the teeth are not perfect but the body condition and the fur are wonderful. This incident is often encountered in lorises when in illegal trade. To avoid bites, illegal traders deliberately to cut the slow loris’ teeth until often have a bad mouth infection. And they even painted the feathers of various colors to disperse lorises species identification.
Arrived at Cikananga
A few moments upon the arrival in Cikananga, Cebus and Nycti directly placed in a special quarantine primate Block B to obtain such inspection TB tests, de-worming and further treatment before being taken to rehabilitation area of PPSC.
The slow loris trade in Jatinangor until Cadas Pangeran in Sumedang
According to information we get both HIMBIO and local community said that ranging from Jatinangor up to the Cadas Pangeran is a native habitat for Javan slow loris. Worse at the same time there is an illegal small-scale trade in slow loris species in the market of Jatinangor.
Law enforcement through the campaign did not make the deterrent effect for the traders of animals, which apparently they are a big family that traded animals were hereditary. To support his family, who incidentally is the poor families, their livelihoods are traded daily and farm laborers but to find the revenue side, they were forced to sell wild animals to consumers around Jatinangor and Cadas Pangeran. According to the local people and Forestry policeman, they worsely traded not only lorises but also another wild animals who else they found in primary forests when hunting such as porcupine, civet and pangolin (Manis javanica).
Normally the amount offered in the lorises in one-time sales amounted to 4 lorises with the price range varies, depending on who the buyers and to what animals have been purchased. For buyers of foreign tourists, the price offered by one is 150000-250000 rupiahs, and for local buyers is around 35000-150000 rupiahs. Then the impact of the selling price will soar when this loris are used for some purposes such mystical tumbal in the interest of building constructing, the price offered is the amount of 300 000 rupiahs.
The trader will not offer directly to the consumer. But they waited for the consumer to ask loris for sale. When the transaction occurs, animals are usually not disclosed to the consumer directly. The trader hide his personal and dirty work identity, to avoid suspicions to the consumer, the trader even asking the identity of the consumer first.
This above shows that the traders know certainty that the slow loris is protected by law and are ready to imprison them all the time when traders are captured in an enforcement operation. Impact of a massive campaign by KONUS in 2004 had dismissed slow loris trade openly in this region and also inform them about the slow loris protection by Undang-undang No. 9 tahun 1990. KONUS Campaign at least made such trade practices change from overt to trading closed.